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Research on domestic violence

On Tuesday 5th July 2005 the National Crime Council (NCC), in association with the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), published the first ever large scale study undertaken to give an overview of the nature, extent and impact of domestic abuse against women and men in intimate partner relationships in Ireland. Among the notable findings are:

According to the Government Departments (Health and Justice) who have responsibilities in this area, the NCC study is the definitive piece of research on domestic violence in this country.

Other Irish research on domestic violence
The results of the NCC study relating to gender prevalence broadly reflect the findings of the three other two-sex studies carried out in this country (for ACCORD; MRCS and the Department of Health).

Galway GP survey, 2005
Since the NCC report, a survey of 200 patients attending a Galway city GP practice in August 2005 found that 1 in 3 patients surveyed had experienced domestic violence in the past while 6% reported that they were current victims. 18.2% of men were victims of domestic violence. Dr. Caitriona Waters, who carried out the survey, said “the figure of 18.2% may be an underestimate. There are probably more men out there experiencing domestic abuse, but it is difficult for them to volunteer this information. In addition males do not attend GPs as frequently as female patients”.

Since Amen was set up in 1997, every single two-sex study in Ireland and abroad, has vindicated our position that a significant number of men are also victims of domestic abuse.

United Kingdom:
1. Incidence and prevalence of domestic violence in a UK emergency department
A Boyle and C Todd

Adult patients attending the emergency department of Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge were interviewed in randomly allocated time blocks, using validated questions from a US study. 256 completed interviews were returned out of a possible 307 (84.8%). The incidence of domestic violence was 1.2%. The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence was 22.4% among men and 22.1% among women.

2. BBC Here and Now MORI Poll
A poll undertaken by MORI, who interviewed a representative quota sample of 1,978 adults in the UK and commissioned by Here and Now (BBC) had these main findings:

United States:
History of Domestic Violence among Male Patients Presenting to an Urban Emergency Department, Philadelphia

C. Crawford Mechem. MD, Frances S. Shofer, PhD, Sharon S. Reinhard. BA, EMT, Sarah Hornig, BSN, RN, Elizabeth Datner, MD
Objective: To establish the prevalence of domestic violence committed by women against male patients presenting to an urban ED for any reason.
Methods: This was a prospective survey in which male patients of legal age presenting to the ED over a 13-week period were interviewed.
Results: Of 866 male patients interviewed, 109 (12.6%) had been the victims of domestic violence committed by a female intimate partner within the preceding year. The most common forms of assault were slapping, grabbing, and shoving (60.6% of victims). These were followed by choking, kicking, biting, and punching (48.6%), or throwing an object at the victim (46.8%). Thirty-seven percent of cases involved a weapon. Seven percent of victims described being forced to have sex. Nineteen percent of victims contacted the police; 14% required medical attention; 11% pressed charges or sought a restraining order; and 6% pursued follow-up ounseling. Conclusions: Almost 13% of men in this sample population had been victims of domestic violence committed by a female intimate partner within the previous year.

1. Canadian Statistics Office – 2004 General Social Survey

According to the 2004 General Social Survey it is estimated that 7% of Canadians, experienced spousal violence in the previous 5 years. This is unchanged from previous results in 1999. Rates of spousal violence by a current or previous partner in the 5 year period were 7% for women and 6% for men, representing an estimated 653,000 women and 546,000 men

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